20 fascinating unknown facts about India

20 fascinating unknown facts about India

Get ready to be captivated as we learn and go on a journey filled with hidden treasures, ancient wonders, and vibrant culture of India. As we uncover 20 fascinating facts about this enchanting land, each offering a glimpse into the kaleidoscope of experiences that await you.

1. The land of many firsts:

The land of First

India's legacy of innovation and pioneering achievements dates back millennia. As the birthplace of the world's first university, Takshashila, India has long been a country of knowledge and learning. Founded in the 7th century BCE, Takshashila was a renowned center of education, attracting students and scholars from across the ancient world. Here, subjects ranging from mathematics and astronomy to philosophy and medicine were taught, laying the foundation for India's rich intellectual heritage.

2. The king of fruits:

Kings of Fruit

No visit to India is complete without indulging in the succulent sweetness of mangoes, the undisputed king of fruits. With over 40 varieties grown across the country, India is the largest producer of mangoes in the world, delighting taste buds with its diverse flavors and aromas. From the famed Alphonso of Maharashtra to the luscious Langra of Uttar Pradesh, each mango variety offers a tantalizing sensory experience that captures the essence of summer in India.

3. The whispering gallery:

Prepare to be awed by the architectural marvel of Gol Gumbaz in Karnataka. Built in the 17th century by the Adil Shahi dynasty, Gol Gumbaz is home to the world's second-largest dome, spanning an impressive 44 meters in diameter. But it's not just the size of the dome that's remarkable – it's the acoustics. Step inside the whispering gallery, located within the dome, and experience the fascinating phenomenon where even the softest whisper can be heard clearly on the opposite side, over 100 feet away. It's a testament to the ingenuity of the architects and craftsmen who built this magnificent structure centuries ago.

4. The living root bridges:

Hidden amidst the verdant forests of Meghalaya lie nature's marvels – living root bridges. Crafted by the indigenous Khasi and Jaintia tribes using the aerial roots of rubber trees, these bridges are a testament to human ingenuity and the harmonious relationship between man and nature. Over the course of 10 to 15 years, the roots of the trees are guided and intertwined to form sturdy bridges that can withstand the ravages of time and weather. Some of these remarkable structures span over 100 feet in length, serving as vital lifelines for remote villages and communities nestled in the heart of the rainforest.

5. The pink city:

Step into the rosy-hued world of Jaipur, Rajasthan's capital city affectionately known as the "Pink city. Renowned for its majestic forts, opulent palaces, and bustling bazaars, Jaipur is a treasure trove of history and culture waiting to be explored. The city earned its moniker in 1876 when it was painted pink to welcome the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII, as a gesture of hospitality and goodwill. Today, Jaipur's pink facades continue to enchant visitors with their timeless allure, offering a glimpse into the royal legacy of Rajasthan.

6. The land of languages:

India's linguistic landscape is as diverse and varied as its geographical terrain. With over 1,600 languages and dialects spoken across the country! India boasts a rich tapestry of linguistic heritage that reflects its multicultural ethos. While Hindi and English serve as the official languages, each state and union territory has its own distinct language, adding to the mosaic of linguistic diversity that defines India's cultural identity. From the melodic tones of Bengali to the lyrical cadence of Tamil, India's languages embody the richness and complexity of its cultural heritage.

7. The zero gravity road:

Prepare to have your senses confounded at Magnetic Hill in Ladakh, where the laws of physics seem to bend and warp before your very eyes. Situated at an altitude of over 14,000 feet above sea level, Magnetic Hill is renowned for its perplexing optical illusion, where vehicles appear to defy gravity and roll uphill seemingly of their own accord. While the phenomenon can be attributed to the peculiar topography of the region, with the layout of the surrounding hills creating an optical illusion that distorts perspective, the experience is no less awe-inspiring for visitors who come to witness this marvel of nature firsthand.

8. The living Chillum Baba:

Embark on a spiritual pilgrimage to Varanasi, the ancient city on the banks of the sacred Ganges River, and encounter the enigmatic figure of Chillum Baba. Believed to be over a century old, Chillum Baba is a revered sadhu (holy man) who offers blessings and spiritual guidance to seekers who come to pay homage to him. Clad in saffron robes and adorned with rudraksha beads, Chillum Baba is a living embodiment of the ascetic tradition that has flourished in Varanasi for millennia, drawing pilgrims and devotees from far and wide to seek his divine wisdom and blessings.

9. The Golden Temple's free kitchen:

The Golden Temple in Amritsar, India

Experience the spirit of seva (selfless service) at the Golden Temple in Amritsar, the holiest shrine of Sikhism and a beacon of compassion and generosity. At the heart of the Golden Temple complex lies the langar, or community kitchen, where volunteers tirelessly prepare and serve free meals to pilgrims and visitors of all faiths, regardless of caste, creed, or background. It is a testament to the Sikh principle of equality and the belief that all human beings are equal and deserving of love, respect, and nourishment. Join the millions who partake in the langar experience each year and discover the transformative power of service and solidarity.

10. The festival of colours:

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Immerse yourself in the riotous celebration of Holi, India's festival of colors, and experience the joyous exuberance of this ancient Hindu tradition. Held annually to mark the arrival of spring, Holi is a vibrant carnival of colors, music, and merriment that transcends boundaries of age, gender, and social status. From the playful splashing of colored powders and water balloons to the rhythmic beats of drums and dholaks, Holi is a time for revelry and camaraderie, as friends and strangers alike come together to celebrate the triumph of good over evil and the arrival of a new season of growth and renewal.

11. The land of Ayurveda:

Go on a journey of holistic healing in the birthplace of Ayurveda – India. Rooted in ancient wisdom and natural remedies, Ayurveda is a holistic system of medicine that seeks to balance the body, mind, and spirit through diet, lifestyle, and herbal treatments. With a history dating back over 5,000 years, Ayurveda offers a comprehensive approach to health and wellness that emphasises prevention and personalised care. Explore Ayurvedic retreats and wellness centers across India and discover the transformative power of this ancient healing tradition.

12. The marble mountains:

Journey to the desert state of Rajasthan and marvel at the ethereal beauty of the Marble Mountains, a surreal landscape of towering rock formations sculpted by the forces of nature over millennia. Located near the town of Jaisalmer, these majestic mountains resemble a scene from a fairy tale, with their smooth, undulating contours and swirling patterns of color. Explore hidden caves, labyrinthine passageways, and ancient temples nestled within the folds of the mountains, and experience the awe-inspiring grandeur of Rajasthan's natural wonders.

13. The great Indian Thar Desert:

The great Indian Thar Desert:

Venture into the heart of the Thar Desert and discover a world of boundless beauty and ancient traditions. Stretching across the western states of Rajasthan and Gujarat, the Thar Desert is India's largest desert and a land of mesmerizing contrasts. From the golden sands of the Great Rann of Kutch to the wind-swept dunes of Jaisalmer, the Thar Desert captivates visitors with its rugged terrain, rich biodiversity, and vibrant cultural heritage. Embark on a camel safari and traverse the vast expanse of the desert, camping under the star-studded sky and immersing yourself in the timeless rhythms of desert life.

14. The Hornbill festival:

Immerse yourself in the vibrant culture of Nagaland at the Hornbill Festival, a colorful celebration of the state's indigenous heritage and traditions. Named after the hornbill, a revered bird in Naga folklore, the festival showcases the rich cultural diversity of Nagaland through an eclectic mix of music, dance, art, and cuisine. From traditional Naga tribal dances to contemporary rock concerts, the Hornbill Festival offers a glimpse into the vibrant tapestry of northeast India's cultural landscape. Join in the festivities, sample local delicacies, and interact with tribal communities as you celebrate the spirit of unity and diversity that defines Nagaland's unique identity.

15. The UNESCO heritage sites:

Explore India's rich architectural heritage with the country having 38 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, each bearing testimony to the country's glorious past and enduring legacy. From the iconic Taj Mahal to the ancient ruins of Hampi, these sites span millennia of history and encompass a diverse range of cultural and natural treasures. Journey through time as you marvel at majestic forts, ornate temples, and grand palaces that stand as monuments to India's rich cultural heritage. Explore the intricate carvings of Khajuraho, the towering monuments of Mahabalipuram, and the sacred caves of Ajanta and Ellora, and discover the extraordinary beauty and craftsmanship that have shaped India's architectural landscape.

16. The living heritage:

Wander through the ancient lanes of Varanasi, the world's oldest continuously inhabited city, and immerse yourself in the timeless rhythms of life along the sacred Ganges River. From the sacred ghats (steps) where pilgrims perform ritual ablutions to the bustling bazaars filled with exotic spices and vibrant textiles, Varanasi pulsates with the energy of centuries-old traditions and rituals. Experience the spiritual fervor of Ganga Aarti, the mesmerizing spectacle of floating lamps and devotional chants that reverberate across the river at dusk. Explore the narrow alleys and hidden courtyards of the old city, and encounter sadhus (holy men), artisans, and pilgrims who call Varanasi home. Whether you're seeking spiritual enlightenment, cultural immersion, or simply a glimpse into the timeless beauty of India's spiritual capital, Varanasi offers an unforgettable journey of discovery and wonder.

17. The spice gardens of kerala:

Embark on a sensory journey through the lush spice gardens of Kerala, where fragrant spices like cardamom, pepper, and cinnamon flourish amidst verdant plantations and rolling hills. Known as the "Spice Garden of India," Kerala boasts a rich legacy of spice cultivation that dates back centuries, with its fertile soil and tropical climate providing ideal conditions for the growth of a wide variety of aromatic herbs and spices. Wander through the terraced fields and shaded groves, inhaling the intoxicating aromas of cloves, nutmeg, and ginger as you learn about the cultivation and harvesting techniques passed down through generations. Indulge your senses with a traditional Ayurvedic massage infused with aromatic oils, and experience the rejuvenating benefits of Kerala's natural bounty.

18. The land of festivals:

Experience the vibrant tapestry of Indian festivals, where age-old traditions come alive in a riot of colors, music, and merriment. From the dazzling lights of Diwali to the exuberance of Navratri and the spiritual fervor of Eid, India's diverse festivals celebrate the rich cultural mosaic of the country and offer a window into its collective heritage. Witness the spectacle of Durga Puja in Kolkata, where elaborately crafted pandals and towering idols of the goddess Durga transform the city into a vibrant carnival of art and devotion. Join the revelry of Onam in Kerala, as the state comes alive with snake boat races, traditional dances, and lavish feasts that honor the legendary king Mahabali. From the snow-capped peaks of the Himalayas to the sun-kissed shores of the Andaman Islands, India's myriad landscapes and communities reflect the vibrant spectrum of human experience and offer endless opportunities for celebration and camaraderie.

19. The living ghost town:

Explore the haunted village of Kuldhara in Rajasthan, where the whispers of the past echo through its deserted streets and dilapidated ruins. Abandoned overnight by its residents in the 19th century, Kuldhara is shrouded in mystery and intrigue, with tales of curses, ghostly apparitions, and unexplained phenomena haunting its desolate landscape. Walk through its silent lanes and crumbling homes, and imagine the lives of the people who once called this ghost town home. From its eerie ambiance to its tragic history, Kuldhara is a place that sparks the imagination and invites visitors to ponder the secrets that lie buried beneath its haunted facade.

20. The unity in diversity:

The unity in diversity

Experience the mosaic of cultures, languages, and traditions that define India's rich tapestry of diversity and make it a vibrant melting pot of humanity. With the Indian population reaching over 1.4 billion people in 2021, belonging to thousands of ethnic groups and speaking hundreds of languages, India celebrates unity in diversity like no other country on earth. From the snow-capped peaks of the Himalayas to the sun-drenched shores of the Andaman Islands, India's myriad landscapes and communities reflect the rich tapestry of human experience and offer a glimpse into the boundless creativity and resilience of its people. The spirit of inclusivity, tolerance, and acceptance as you journey through the heartland of India and discover the beauty of unity in diversity. 


There you have it, 20 amazing facts about India - a deep dive into the fascinating world of India, it offers you a glimpse into the wonders of this country. Whether you're drawn to its ancient heritage, vibrant culture, or breathtaking landscapes, India has endless opportunities for exploration and discovery. So, if you would are lucky enough to pack your bags, to go on a journey to India I would recommend it as when I went it was a journey of a lifetime.


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